Neonatology & Perinatology

Neonatology is a subspecialty of Pediatrics that consists of the intensive care of newly born infants, especially premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced by neonatal intensive care units(NICUs). Neonatologist is trained particularly to handle the most complex and high-risked situations.

Perinatology is a branch of Obstetrics. It is meant for mother-fetus at higher than normal risk. It deals with the complications in child development during pregnancy. It starts at 20th to 28th week of gestation and ends 1 to 4 weeks after birth. Perinatologist work with neonatologist after a child’s birth. Perinatologists assist in complications like pre-existing health concerns and complication caused by pregnancy.